End Point Assessment


Tunnelling Operative

Tunnelling Operative


12-18 months

Assessed Version: v1


The primary role of a tunnelling operative is to assist with the excavation, support and forming of tunnels  and  shafts  in  the  ground  associated  with  the  construction  process  to  provide  an underground space, tunnel or shaft; typical tunnelling methods will include hand tunnelling, machine tunnelling, pipejacking, sprayed concrete lining, shaft sinking and drill and blast.

Occupational role

The tunnelling operative works as part of a larger team on a tunnelling project in which they will have responsibility for performing tasks which will include moving and handling materials, resources and  components  by  mechanically  assisted  or  manual  means, loading  and  unloading,  handling  and conveying  goods  and  materials  to  and  from  the  workplace.  Other  duties  will  include  guiding  and controlling the movement and operation of plant, machinery and vehicles, preparing, checking and maintaining machinery and equipment in use.


Maximum £12,000

Level 2

Entry requirements

Employers will set their own entry requirements.


The apprenticeship includes core skills, core technical knowledge, and core behaviours required by Tunnelling Operatives.

End Point Assessment

Overview of assessment

The end point assessment covers all of the skills, knowledge and behaviours in the Standard. It will take place using independent assessors appointed by QFI and the methods shown below:

Knowledge Test

This will consist of 32 multiple choice questions and 8 labelling & diagrammatical type questions. The  test  will  be  a  75-minute  electronic  or paper-based   question   paper   and   will the apprentice to demonstrate core technical knowledge  across  the  Tunnelling  Operative standard.

Practical Test

This will   consist   of   a   practical   assessment, completed  in  in  a  real  work  environment.  It  will provide   the   opportunity for   apprentices to demonstrate  their core  and  specific  knowledge, skills    and    behaviours    learnt    through the apprenticeship.  The  duration  of  the  Practical Assessment  will  be 3-hours and  can  only  be undertaken if the knowledge test is passed.

Technical Interview

This will take the form of a structured interview between the apprentice and an assessor. It will be used  to  assess the  apprentice on  skills  not  covered  by  the  practical  assessment  and  to  confirm knowledge, skills and behaviours using their portfolio of evidence as a basis for the discussion.

Readiness for assessment

The  employer  will  endorse progression  to  the  end-point  when  satisfied  that  the  apprentice  is consistently working at or above the level set out in the standard, and the pre-requisite gateway requirements have been met with evidence to support these:

  • achieved minimum level 1 English and mathematics and taken the tests for level 2
  • satisfactory completion of the structured training agreed with the employer
  • achievement of the Level 2 NVQ Diploma in Tunnelling Operations
  • completed a portfolio of evidence–to support the technical interview


This apprenticeship is graded by the independent assessor appointed by QFI and grades are either: fail, pass, merit or distinction.

Professional Recognition


Why choose QFI

QFI is  listed  on  the  Register  of  Apprenticeship  Assessment  Organisations  to  assess  this apprenticeship  Standard. We  have  access  to  specialist,  occupationally  competent  independent assessors. We  will  work  with  you  to  ensure  that  the  end-point  assessment  runs  as  smoothly  as possible providing support for any staff involved in the process. Contact us now to discuss your requirements leadassessor@qfiepa.org